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Why is a kettle not 100% efficient?

Why is a kettle not 100% efficient?

To be 100% efficient, all the heat generated by the kettle would have to be transferred to the water. That’s not going to happen. The exterior of the kettle will get warm and lose heat to the air. That will result in a drop in efficiency.

Why is energy transformation not 100 efficient?

Part of the energy input is wasted. It is used to increase the entropy of the surroundings. Therefore, the useful energy output is necessarily smaller than the energy input. In other words, the efficiency of a heat engine is always less than 100%.

Why are appliances incapable of 100% efficiency in terms of power?

Efficiency is the percent of work put into a machine by the user (input work) that becomes work done by the machine (output work). The output work is always less than the input work because some of the input work is used to overcome friction. Therefore, efficiency is always less than 100 percent.

Why are real machines never 100 efficient?

Machines are not 100% efficient because some of the work done by a machine is used to overcome friction. So work output is always less than work input. Work: Done by machines is calculates as Mechanical Efficiency which is Work Output divided by Work Input.

Can a machine be 100% efficient?

Workout is less than or equal to Workin, or Energyout is less than or equal to Energyin. In other words, no machine can be more than 100% efficient. Machines cannot multiply energy or work input. If a machine were 100% efficient then it can’t have any energy losses to friction, so no friction can be present.

Is there a 100 efficient machine?

The short answer is: It can’t. Almost all machines require energy to offset the effects of gravity, friction, and air/wind resistance. Thus, no machine can continually operate at 100 percent efficiency.

What is the most efficient thing in the world?

Amazing But True!

  • Believe it not, the bicycle is the most efficient transport machine ever invented.
  • A bicycle goes 3,000 miles on the energy equivalent of one gallon of gasoline.
  • A person riding a bike can also travel farther on the same amount of energy than any other animal on the planet.

What is 100% efficiency called?

A simple machine, such as a lever, pulley, or gear train, is “ideal” if the power input is equal to the power output of the device, which means there are no losses. In this case, the mechanical efficiency is 100%.

Is a perfect machine possible?

Answer: An Ideal Machine is a machine which gives 100 percent efficieny that is entire input energy is converted into output energy. however this is not possible as some energy is lost due to friction, imperfect components and all. Therefore no machine is Ideal machine.

What is ideal or perfect machine?

Solution: An ideal machine is the one in which no part of the work that is done on the machine is wasted. It is also called a perfect machine. Thus, for an ideal machine, the work output is equal to the work input and the efficiency of the machine is 1 = 100%

Is it possible to make a perfect machine in our daily life?

The definition of a perfect machine states that a perfect machine should be 100% efficient which means the 100% of the energy input should be transformed into work output. For these reasons,we cannot expect perfect machines in the real life situations.

Why is perpetual motion possible?

A perpetual motion machine of the first kind produces work without the input of energy. It thus violates the first law of thermodynamics: the law of conservation of energy. This conversion of heat into useful work, without any side effect, is impossible, according to the second law of thermodynamics.

What is the longest running perpetual motion machine?

Beverly clock

How much would a perpetual motion machine be worth?

Because it cannot be constructed, because of the physical law of conservation of energy. And physical laws are not about legality. You cannot violate them, because they are basic facts about the universe. The worth of a perpetual motion machine is zero.

Can perpetual motion exist in a vacuum?

There are two kinds of perpetual motion: Motion with zero-friction. This can and does exist in vacuum and in atoms and electrons, etc. Motion that produces net work or more energy than it starts with, without any external source of energy.

Is perpetual motion possible?

Is perpetual motion possible? According to Frey: No, but things can be engineered to approximate or mimic it. “The laws of physics indicate that perpetual motion would occur if there were no external unbalanced forces,” he says.

Can you build a perpetual motion machine?

The first law of thermodynamics is the law of conservation of energy. To keep a machine moving, the energy applied should stay with the machine without any losses. Because of this fact alone, it is impossible to build perpetual motion machines.

Is perpetual motion with magnets possible?

Magnetic perpetual machines can never work because magnets eventually wear out. This isn’t the reason they don’t work. Magnets can lose their magnetism in several ways; Heat them to very high temperatures. Hit them repeatedly with a hammer.

Why magnets are not free energy?

Why can’t magnetism be used as a source of energy? Because magnets do not contain energy — but they can help control it… “As these charged particles move past magnets inside the turbines, they create a field around them that affects other charged particles,” says Cohen-Tanugi.

Do magnets eventually stop working?

Yes, it is possible for a permanent magnet to lose its magnetism. If you heat a magnet up a little bit, it will lose some of its magnetism, but on returning to room temperature [depending on how high it was heated, and on the shape of the magnet itself], full magnetism can be restored.

Do magnets work in space?

Magnets can be used in space. Magnets don’t need gravity or air. Instead, their power comes from the electromagnetic field they generate all by themselves.

Can magnets work in vacuum?

A vacuum cleaner can use magnets to separate out metallic objects before they do any damage. Strictly speaking, all vacuum cleaners use magnets. Magnets are crucial to the electric motors that create the cleaner’s suction.

What happens if you take a compass to space?

Compasses work using magnetic fields. As you leave the Earth and move into space the magnetic field will get weaker. Even though the field is weaker, the compass can still align with it meaning that a compass on the International Space Station would still be a reliable guide to the North Pole.

What is the strongest magnet in the world?

neodymium

What is the weakest magnet in the world?

The weakest magnetic field measured is 0.5 femtotesla/√Hz, and was achieved by Dr. Sheraz Khan (Pakistan) and Dr. David Cohen (USA), at the Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA, and was published in the Review of Scientific Instruments on 1 May 2013.

Can a strong magnetic field kill you?

http://solomon.as.utexas.edu/magnetar.html. From there: Fields in excess of 109 Gauss, however, would be instantly lethal. Such fields strongly distort atoms, compressing atomic electron clouds into cigar shapes, with the long axis aligned with the field, thus rendering the chemistry of life impossible.

Does bigger magnet mean better speaker?

The bigger the magnet, the stronger the potential driving force of the speaker (assuming the magnetic strength of the magnet is constant). Small magnets are for small speakers and produce, by nature, “weaker sound”, while bigger magnets make bigger speakers capable of producing louder sound.

Can small speakers sound as good as large?

It’s not just a matter of louder volume or bass: big speakers just sound better than little ones. When it comes to speakers, size does matter. Big speakers clobber little ones in two ways: they can play louder and make more bass.

Does magnet size matter on subwoofer?

the bigger the magnet, the more power that can be given to the sub. Coil size, winding gauge, and airflow effect power handling, magnet size will do nothing for it.

What do magnets do for speakers?

To make the cone (or panel) of the speaker move, magnets are used to create an opposing magnetic field which creates vibrations. These vibrations are the sound we hear. Speakers often contain large magnets inside of them, as a larger opposing magnetic field creates more vibrations.