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Which reactions produce high energy sugars?

The Calvin cycle uses ATP and NADPH from the light-dependent reactions to produce high-energy sugars. Because the Calvin cycle does not require light, these reactions are also called the light-independent reactions.

During which stage of photosynthesis are high energy sugars produced?

Summary of Stage II The Calvin cycle takes over where the light reactions end. It uses chemical energy stored in ATP and NADPH (from the light reactions) and carbon dioxide from the air to produce glucose, the molecule that virtually all organisms use for food.

How do plants produce high energy sugars using the light-dependent and light independent reactions of photosynthesis?

The overall function of light-dependent reactions is to convert solar energy into chemical energy in the form of NADPH and ATP. This chemical energy supports the light-independent reactions and fuels the assembly of sugar molecules. Protein complexes and pigment molecules work together to produce NADPH and ATP.

What is the difference between light dependent and independent reactions?

In the light-dependent reactions, energy from sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll and that energy is converted into stored chemical energy. In the light-independent reactions, the chemical energy harvested during the light-dependent reactions drives the assembly of sugar molecules from carbon dioxide.

What happens to energy during cellular respiration?

Through the process of cellular respiration, the energy in food is converted into energy that can be used by the body’s cells. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water, and the energy is transferred to ATP.

What part of the cell is responsible for releasing energy during cellular respiration?

The mitochondria are the organelles known as the energy “powerhouses” of the cells (Figure below). In the mitochondria, the pyruvate, which have been converted into a 2-carbon molecule, enter the Krebs cycle. Notice that mitochondria have an inner membrane with many folds, called cristae.

What kind of energy is cellular respiration?

Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert chemical energy from oxygen molecules or nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.

What does the Calvin cycle produce high energy sugars?

What does the Calvin cycle use to produce high-energy sugars? The Calvin cycle uses carbon dioxide molecules as well as ATP and NADPH from the light-dependent reactions to make sugars. 11.

What Does the light independent reactions of photosynthesis to produce high energy sugars?

Carbon dioxide is used to make sugars in the light- reactions. 13. The light-independent reactions are also called the .

What are the products of a light-independent reaction?

3.6), also called the cycle of light-independent reactions of photosynthesis. The chemical reactions are carried out in the stroma that converts carbon dioxide into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P), consuming the ATP and NADPH produced during the photophosphorylation process.

Does light independent reaction produce oxygen?

In the light-dependent reactions, which take place at the thylakoid membrane, chlorophyll absorbs energy from sunlight and then converts it into chemical energy with the use of water. The light-dependent reactions release oxygen as a byproduct as water is broken apart.

What is the by product of light?

The light reactions capture energy from sunlight, which they change to chemical energy that is stored in molecules of NADPH and ATP. The light reactions also release oxygen gas as a waste product.

Where do light reactions produce ATP?

thylakoid membrane

What is the name of the enzyme that fixes Co2?

enzyme RuBisCO

What does Rubisco add to ribulose bisphosphate instead of CO2?

Rubisco adds whichever molecule it binds to a five-carbon compound called ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP). The reaction that uses CO2​start text, C, O, end text, start subscript, 2, end subscript is the first step of the Calvin cycle and leads to the production of sugar.

Which enzyme is most abundantly found on Earth?


Which bacteria fixes CO2 into carbohydrates?

Rhodospirillum is an anaerobic photosynthetic bacterium that use carbon dioxide as carbon source and convert it into carbohydrates.

Which is a free living nitrogen fixing bacteria?

Free-living nitrogen-fixers include the cyanobacteria Anabaena and Nostoc and genera such as Azotobacter, Beijerinckia, and Clostridium.

What is capable of turning carbon dioxide molecules into carbohydrates?

Artificial photosynthesis is a chemical process that biomimics the natural process of photosynthesis to convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen.

Which of the following can fix atmospheric CO2 and n2 both?

Many species of cyanobacteria not only fix carbon in CO2 through photosynthesis, but they can also fix atmospheric nitrogen. Both of these processes also play an important role in humus formation.

Is Rhizobium a free living nitrogen fixing bacteria?

Rhizobium is a symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria, Nitrosomonas is a nitrifying bacteria, while Pseudomonas sp. is denitrifying bacteria.

Where does an animal or plant’s nitrogen go when it dies?

Most plants get the nitrogen they need to grow from the soils or water in which they live. Animals get the nitrogen they need by eating plants or other animals that contain nitrogen. When organisms die, their bodies decompose bringing the nitrogen into soil on land or into ocean water.

What are 2 ways nitrogen becomes usable to plants humans and animals?

Plant and animal wastes decompose, adding nitrogen to the soil. Bacteria in the soil convert those forms of nitrogen into forms plants can use. Plants use the nitrogen in the soil to grow. People and animals eat the plants; then animal and plant residues return nitrogen to the soil again, completing the cycle.

What causes high nitrates in wastewater?

Nitrate can occur naturally in surface and groundwater at a level that does not generally cause health problems. High levels of nitrate in well water often result from improper well construction, well location, overuse of chemical fertilizers, or improper disposal of human and animal waste.

How do you recover from nitrogen toxicity?

How to Fix Nitrogen Toxicity

  1. Change the Nutrients You’re Using.
  2. Add Brown Organic Matter to Your Soil.
  3. Water Your Soil.
  4. Ensure your Growing Solution Has a Suitable pH Level.
  5. Change Your Nutrient Reservoir.
  6. Treat the Symptoms With Soil Additives.
  7. Help Your Plants Recover With Gradual Reintroduction.