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Table of Contents
  1. Which organelle converts energy stored in organic molecules into compounds the cell can use?
  2. What are two types of organelles?
  3. Which organelles capture light energy and synthesize organic molecules?
  4. Which organelle is responsible for the conversion of chemical energy stored in food?
  5. What process in the cell converts the chemical energy stored in food into chemical energy stored in the form of ATP?
  6. Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use *?
  7. What type of cell is a ribosome?
  8. Which organelle makes energy stored in high energy compounds available for the cell?
  9. Which organelle can be found in both bacteria and plants?
  10. What cells organelles are found in both cells?
  11. What organelles does a bacteria cell have?
  12. What is the meaning of cell organelles?
  13. Which is a list of organelles?
  14. What is cell organelles and their functions?
  15. What are the 12 organelles in a cell?
  16. What are the 7 cell organelles?
  17. What are the functions of the 13 organelles?
  18. What are the 8 main organelles in a cell?
  19. Which is biggest animal cell?
  20. What is the most important organelle in the cell?
  21. What are the 8 parts of a cell?
  22. What are the 10 parts of a cell?
  23. What are the 14 parts of the cell?
  24. What are the 4 basic components of all cells?
  25. What three structures do all cells have?
  26. What are 4 differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
  27. What is powerhouse of cell?
  28. Why mitochondria is a cell within a cell?
  29. What is called kitchen of cell?
  30. Why mitochondria are called powerhouse of cell?

Which organelle converts energy stored in organic molecules into compounds the cell can use?

Role of mitochondria One objective of the degradation of foodstuffs is to convert the energy contained in chemical bonds into the energy-rich compound adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which captures the chemical energy obtained from the breakdown of food molecules and releases it to fuel other cellular processes.

What are two types of organelles?

6 Cell Organelles

  • Nucleus. nucleus; animal cell.
  • Ribosomes. Ribosomes are the protein factories of the cell.
  • Endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes on the outer surface of the endoplasmic reticulum play an important role in protein synthesis within cells.
  • Golgi apparatus. Golgi apparatus.
  • Chloroplasts.
  • Mitochondria.

Which organelles capture light energy and synthesize organic molecules?

In plants and algae, which developed much later, photosynthesis occurs in a specialized intracellular organelle—the chloroplast. Chloroplasts perform photosynthesis during the daylight hours. The immediate products of photosynthesis, NADPH and ATP, are used by the photosynthetic cells to produce many organic molecules.

Which organelle is responsible for the conversion of chemical energy stored in food?

mitochondria

What process in the cell converts the chemical energy stored in food into chemical energy stored in the form of ATP?

cellular respiration

Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use *?

Mitochondria

What type of cell is a ribosome?

eukaryotic cells

Which organelle makes energy stored in high energy compounds available for the cell?

ATP is how cells store energy. These storage molecules are produced in the mitochondria, tiny organelles found in eukaryotic cells sometimes called the “powerhouse” of the cell.

Which organelle can be found in both bacteria and plants?

The ribosome is the only common organelle of animal, plant and bacterial cells. The purpose of the ribosome is to synthesize proteins by linking together amino acids according to the instruction specified by the messenger RNA. The ribosomes in plant and animal cells are larger then the ones in bacterial cells.

What cells organelles are found in both cells?

  • The plant and animal cells are eukaryotic and contain well developed cellular organelles.
  • The cell membrane, cytoplasm, chromosomes, and mitochondria are the structures that are present in both the plant and the animal cells.
  • The cell wall and chloroplast are present only in the plant cell.

What organelles does a bacteria cell have?

Similarities DESCRIPTION Bacterial Cells Plant Cells
3. Structures to produce energy for cell- Cell Respiration No-occurs near cell membrane Yes- in organelle called mitochondrion
4. Structures that make proteins and enzymes for the cell Yes-poly- (many) ribosomes Yes- endoplasmic reticulum (organelle)
5. Cytoplasm Yes Yes

What is the meaning of cell organelles?

An organelle is a subcellular structure that has one or more specific jobs to perform in the cell, much like an organ does in the body. Among the more important cell organelles are the nuclei, which store genetic information; mitochondria, which produce chemical energy; and ribosomes, which assemble proteins.

Which is a list of organelles?

Major eukaryotic organelles

Organelle Main function
chloroplast (plastid) photosynthesis, traps energy from sunlight
endoplasmic reticulum translation and folding of new proteins (rough endoplasmic reticulum), expression of lipids (smooth endoplasmic reticulum)
flagellum locomotion, sensory

What is cell organelles and their functions?

An organelle is a tiny cellular structure that performs specific functions within a cell. You can think of organelles as a cell’s internal organs. For example, the nucleus is the cell’s brain, and the mitochondria are the cell’s hearts.

What are the 12 organelles in a cell?

Within the cytoplasm, the major organelles and cellular structures include: (1) nucleolus (2) nucleus (3) ribosome (4) vesicle (5) rough endoplasmic reticulum (6) Golgi apparatus (7) cytoskeleton (8) smooth endoplasmic reticulum (9) mitochondria (10) vacuole (11) cytosol (12) lysosome (13) centriole.

What are the 7 cell organelles?

What are the 7 organelles of a cell?

  • Cell Membrane. The thin, flexible outer covering of a cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell.
  • Cytoplasm. The gel-like fluid inside of a cell made mostly of water and it holds other organelles in place.
  • Nucleus.
  • Vacuole.
  • Chloroplasts.
  • Mitochondria.
  • Cell Wall.

What are the functions of the 13 organelles?

What are the 13 organelles and their functions?

  • nucleus. contains the cell’s DNA and is the control center of the cell.
  • endoplasmic reticulum. transports materials within cell; process lipids.
  • mitochondria. breaks down food to release energy for the cell.
  • cell membrane.
  • ribosome.
  • cytoplasm.
  • golgi body.
  • lysosome.

What are the 8 main organelles in a cell?

Contents

  • Nucleus.
  • Mitochondria.
  • Ribosomes.
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum. 4.1 Smooth ER. 4.2 Rough ER.
  • Golgi Complex.
  • Vacuole.
  • Peroxisomes.
  • Lysosomes.

Which is biggest animal cell?

ostrich egg

What is the most important organelle in the cell?

The nucleus is one of the most important organelles in a cell. It is often the largest organelle in animal cells, but this is not always the case. Nuclei contain the genetic material called DNA that is responsible for controlling and directing all cell activities.

What are the 8 parts of a cell?

Terms in this set (11)

  • Ribosome. this is the part that makes protein.
  • cytoplasm.
  • cell membrane.
  • lysosome.
  • Golgi body.
  • Nucleus.
  • Vacuole.

What are the 10 parts of a cell?

Terms in this set (10)

  • Vacuole. Holds water to provide pressure and rigidity in plant cells.
  • Nucleus. Protects and stores DNA.
  • Ribosome. Makes proteins.
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum. Makes proteins and lipids, either to stay in the cell or for transport out of the cell.
  • Plasma Membrane.
  • Lysosome.
  • Cell Wall.
  • Mitochondria.

What are the 14 parts of the cell?

Terms in this set (14)

  • Cell Membrane. Semipermeable, controls what goes into & out of the cell.
  • Nucleus. Controls cell activities, involved with reproduction & protein synthesis.
  • Cytoplasm.
  • Nuclear Membrane.
  • Nucleoplasm.
  • Nucleolus.
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
  • Ribosomes.

What are the 4 basic components of all cells?

All cells share four common components: 1) a plasma membrane, an outer covering that separates the cell’s interior from its surrounding environment; 2) cytoplasm, consisting of a jelly-like region within the cell in which other cellular components are found; 3) DNA, the genetic material of the cell; and 4) ribosomes.

What three structures do all cells have?

A cell consists of three parts: the cell membrane, the nucleus, and, between the two, the cytoplasm. Within the cytoplasm lie intricate arrangements of fine fibers and hundreds or even thousands of miniscule but distinct structures called organelles.

What are 4 differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as the nucleus, while prokaryotic cells do not. Differences in cellular structure of prokaryotes and eukaryotes include the presence of mitochondria and chloroplasts, the cell wall, and the structure of chromosomal DNA.

What is powerhouse of cell?

EXPLORE. Mitochondria are tiny organelles inside cells that are involved in releasing energy from food. This process is known as cellular respiration. It is for this reason that mitochondria are often referred to as the powerhouses of the cell.

Why mitochondria is a cell within a cell?

​Mitochondria. Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

What is called kitchen of cell?

The mitochondria are double membrane bound cell organelles. The mitochondria produces energy needed for various chemical activities essential for life in the form of ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) molecules. The chloroplasts are therefore known as the kitchen of the cell.

Why mitochondria are called powerhouse of cell?

Mitochondria are often called the “powerhouses” or “energy factories” of a cell because they are responsible for making adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the cell’s main energy-carrying molecule. In mitochondria, this process uses oxygen and produces carbon dioxide as a waste product.