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What is the rule for abbreviations?

What is the rule for abbreviations?

Use abbreviations for clock time. Use capital letters and periods, capital letters and no periods, or lowercase letters and periods. Just be consistent. DO NOT abbreviate clock time when no number is attached to the abbreviation.

What’s the definition of abbreviation?

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a written word or phrase. Abbreviations may be used to save space and time, to avoid repetition of long words and phrases, or simply to conform to conventional usage.

How do you inform the client about defining abbreviations?

As a general rule, you should write out completely the meaning of the abbreviation or acronym when you first use it, including the acronym itself in parentheses.

What is suggested you do with abbreviations?

The Chicago Manual of Style suggests this general rule: “Use periods with abbreviations that end in a lowercase letter: p. (page), vol., e.g., i.e., etc., a.k.a., a.m., p.m., Ms., Dr., Ph. D., etc.

When should you not use abbreviations?

To maximize clarity, APA prefers that authors use abbreviations sparingly. Although abbreviations are sometimes useful for long, technical terms in scientific writing, communication is usually garbled rather than clarified if, for example, an abbreviation is unfamiliar to the reader.

How do you read et al?

“et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would say “et cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.

How do you verbalize et al?

The standard English pronunciation can be found in a dictionary, see, e.g., et al. at MacMillan dictionary. However, during a presentation, instead of reading that abbreviation, it is probably nicer to say something like: “Smith and his/her group/coauthors/colleagues published the paper […]”.

How is et al used in a sentence?

Et al. is defined as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alia which means “and others.” An example of et. al. used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, “The article was written by Smith, Jones, Paul, et al.” which means that Smith, Jones, Paul and others wrote the article.

What is the difference between ETC and et al?

Whereas etc. refers to a list of things, et al. refers to a list of people. Etc. is common in formal and informal writing.

Should I use et al or etc?

As you can see, “et al.” is used to indicate a continuation of a list of people, while “etc.” is used to indicate a list of items. Similar to “etc.,” “et al.” always requires a period after “al,” no matter where it lands in the sentence.

Is etc used for people?

would mean “and and so on.” Also to be avoided is etc., etc., because why do that, why do that? Since cetera means “other things,” etc. should not be used when listing persons.

Why do we use etc?

“Etc.” is used to indicate that only some of the items from a list have been used. However, if this word appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark. It should not be followed by a comma, whether it is daily writing or a research paper.

Why is it called etc?

ETC is a folder which contain all your system configuration files in it. Then why the etc name? “etc” is an English word which means etcetera i.e in layman words it is “and so on”. The naming convention of this folder is having some interesting history.

What can I use instead of etc?

  • “among others”
  • “and the like”
  • “and what not”
  • “ad nauseum”
  • “so on and so forth”
  • “et al”
  • “and the rest”

How do you say etc in academic writing?

This rule is quite simple. If you use “etc.” in the middle of a sentence, and it is not enclosed in parentheses, then you must use a comma after the abbreviation. If it is in parentheses in the middle of a sentence or at the end of a sentence, no comma is needed.

Is Etcetera a formal word?

The literal meaning of the Latin phrase et cetera is `and other things’. Such repetition, as in he bought paper, ink, notebooks, et cetera, et cetera is very informal and should not be used in writing or formal speaking.

What is a fancy word for etcetera?

In this page you can discover 12 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for et cetera or etc., like: and-so-on, and-so-forth, and all the rest, and on and on, and others, along with others, et al., and-all, and-the-like, whatever and whatnot.

How do you say so and formal?

Thanks. Yes, the general idea is that in formal writing you should avoid the idea entirely as being too vague. Either omit it or be more specific. However, the Chicago Manual of Style accepts ‘etc’ within bracketed remarks, and it all accepts et cetera, and so forth, and so on, and and the like.

What does ETC mean in writing?

et cetera

How do you say etc in a formal way?

‘Etc. ‘ is quite formal, although you could expand it to ‘et cetera’ if you wanted. It can also be stylised ‘&c.