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What is the function of the nuclear membrane in a eukaryotic cell?

What is the function of the nuclear membrane in a eukaryotic cell?

A nuclear membrane is a double membrane that encloses the cell nucleus. It serves to separate the chromosomes from the rest of the cell. The nuclear membrane includes an array of small holes or pores that permit the passage of certain materials, such as nucleic acids and proteins, between the nucleus and cytoplasm.

Do eukaryotes have a nuclear membrane?

In eukaryotes, however, the DNA takes the form of compact chromosomes separated from the rest of the cell by a nuclear membrane (also called a nuclear envelope). Eukaryotic cells also contain a variety of structures and organelles not present in prokaryotic cells.

What is the nucleus like in a eukaryotic cell?

Eukaryotic cells are larger than prokaryotic cells and have a “true” nucleus, membrane-bound organelles, and rod-shaped chromosomes. The nucleus houses the cell’s DNA and directs the synthesis of proteins and ribosomes.

What is the membrane enclosing the nucleus of an eukaryotic cell?

In eukaryotic cells, the membrane that surrounds the nucleus — commonly called the nuclear envelope — partitions this DNA from the cell’s protein synthesis machinery, which is located in the cytoplasm.

What are two main parts of a eukaryotic cell?

Before discussing the functions of organelles within a eukaryotic cell, let us first examine two important components of the cell: the plasma membrane and the cytoplasm.

What is the two major parts of a cell?

The two major parts of a cell are the cell membrane and the cytoplasm. The cell membrane, also known as the plasma membrane, is the outer barrier of…

What are the main features of a eukaryotic cell?

A eukaryotic cell has the following important features:

  • A eukaryotic cell has a nuclear membrane.
  • It has mitochondria, Golgi bodies, cell wall.
  • It also contains locomotory organs such as cilia and flagella.
  • The nucleus has a DNA that carries all the genetic information.

What is the scientific name of mitochondria?

Alternative Titles: chondriosome, mitochondria. Mitochondrion, membrane-bound organelle found in the cytoplasm of almost all eukaryotic cells (cells with clearly defined nuclei), the primary function of which is to generate large quantities of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).