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What is the cytoplasm in plants?

Cytoplasm: The cytoplasm is a thick, aqueous (water-based) solution in which the organelles are found. Substances such as salts, nutrients, minerals and enzymes (molecules involved in metabolism) are dissolved in the cytoplasm. They are found in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum.

Can cytoplasm be found in plant cells?

Cytoplasm works in plant cells much like it does in animal cells. It provides support to the internal structures, is the suspension medium for the organelles and maintains the shape of a cell.

Why is cytoplasm present in plant cell?

Plant cells have high concentrations of molecules dissolved in their cytoplasm, which causes water to come into the cell under normal conditions and makes the cell’s central vacuole swell and press against the cell wall. With a healthy supply of water, turgor pressure keeps a plant from wilting.

Is cytosol found in plant cells?

The cytosol makes up more than 40 percent of the plant cell volume and contains thousands of different kinds of molecules that are involved in cellular biosynthesis. Because cytosol has so much material dissolved in it, it has a gelatinous consistency.

Does cytosol contain DNA?

In prokaryotes the cytosol contains the cell’s genome, within a structure known as a nucleoid. This is an irregular mass of DNA and associated proteins that control the transcription and replication of the bacterial chromosome and plasmids.

Where are proteins made?

Proteins are made inside cells. When a cell makes a protein it is called protein synthesis. The instructions for how to make a protein are held in DNA molecules inside the cell nucleus. The two major stages in making a protein are called transcription and translation.

How proteins are made step by step?

Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination.

What is the first part of protein synthesis?

Transcription

Where does the first step of protein synthesis occur?

nucleus

What’s another word for protein synthesis?

Translation

What is the process of protein synthesis?

Key terms

Term Meaning
Transcription Process during which a DNA sequence of a gene is copied to make an RNA molecule
Translation Process during which an mRNA molecule is used to assemble amino acids into polypeptide chains
Mutation A change in a genetic sequence

What is the role of DNA in protein synthesis?

DNA is the primary genetic material contained within your cells and in nearly all organisms. It’s used to create proteins during protein synthesis, which is a multi-step process that takes the coded message of DNA and converts it into a usable protein molecule.

What do you mean by protein synthesis?

the process by which amino acids are linearly arranged into proteins through the involvement of ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA, messenger RNA, and various enzymes.