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What is the arrangement of spirochete?

What is the arrangement of spirochete?

Spirochetes Spirochetes have a helical shape and flexible bodies. Spirochetes move by means of axial filaments, which look like flagella contained beneath a flexible external sheath but lack typical bacterial flagella. Examples: Leptospira species (Leptospira interrogans), Treponema pallidum, Borrelia recurrentis, etc.

Is Bacillus megaterium Gram positive or negative?

The Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus megaterium represents an increasingly used alternative for high yield intra- and extracellular protein synthesis.

What color is Bacillus megaterium?

milk white

How do you identify Bacillus megaterium?

Bacillus megaterium is a rod-like, Gram-positive, mainly aerobic spore forming bacterium found in widely diverse habitats. With a cell length of up to 4 µm and a diameter of 1.5 µm, B. megaterium is amongst the biggest known bacteria.

What antibiotics is Bacillus megaterium resistant to?

BACTERIA have been shown to become resistant to β-Lactam antibiotics (penicillin and cephalosporins) by the following methods: decreased permeability1,2, increased production of an enzyme (β-Lactamase) which degrades the antibiotics1, acquisition of a plasmid that produces a β-Lactam3,4, and a decreased affinity of the …

Where can Bacillus megaterium be found?

Bacillus megaterium is a spore-forming bacterium found in soil, seawater, sediments, rice paddies, dried food, honey, and milk (56).

How is Bacillus megaterium treated?

Antibiotics which appear especially useful in the treatment of Bacillus infections are clindamycin and vancomycin, to which the vast majority of strains are susceptible in vitro. Beta-lactam antibiotics, including the new cephalosporins and penicillins, are of little value in this setting.

Is Bacillus megaterium harmful to humans?

In the case of Bacillus megaterium strain ATCC 14581, the organism is not hazardous to human health or the environment; and exposure to the environment and Canadians is medium. Therefore, it is concluded that Bacillus megaterium strain ATCC 14581 is not harmful to human health or to the environment.

How can you tell the difference between Bacillus species?

Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus can usually be distinguished by standard microbiological methods (e.g., motility, hemolysis, penicillin susceptibility and susceptibility to gamma phage) and PCR.

Where is Bacillus species found?

soil

How can we prevent animals from getting anthrax?

To reduce environmental contamination, carcasses of animals that die of anthrax should be burned or buried at least 6 feet deep. In addition, bedding, soil, and other materials contaminated with body fluids should also be burned or buried.

What is the most common disease caused by Bacillus anthracis quizlet?

Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known asBacillus anthracis.

How long will you be sick with anthrax?

Inhalation anthrax begins with flu-like symptoms (cough, fever, muscle aches). These symptoms may last two to three days, and then appear to go away for one or two days. Then the illness can come back, resulting in severe lung problems, difficulty breathing, and shock.