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What is required for mitochondrial ATP production?

What is required for mitochondrial ATP production?

Mitochondria, using oxygen available within the cell convert chemical energy from food in the cell to energy in a form usable to the host cell. NADH is then used by enzymes embedded in the mitochondrial inner membrane to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In ATP the energy is stored in the form of chemical bonds.

What is needed for mitochondria to work?

Logically, mitochondria multiply when a the energy needs of a cell increase. Therefore, power-hungry cells have more mitochondria than cells with lower energy needs. For example, repeatedly stimulating a muscle cell will spur the production of more mitochondria in that cell, to keep up with energy demand.

What is required for mitochondrial ATP production quizlet?

The production of ATP in the mitochondria requires a flow of electrons. The electron transport chain proteins pass the electrons along it and hand them to O2 making H2O. • In the process of this, it creates a H+ gradient that is used to power ATP synthase which makes ATP.

How is ATP produced in animal cells?

Most of the ATP in cells is produced by the enzyme ATP synthase, which converts ADP and phosphate to ATP. ATP synthase is located in the membrane of cellular structures called mitochondria; in plant cells, the enzyme also is found in chloroplasts. In eukaryotic cells the latter two processes occur within mitochondria.

Where is ATP produced in the mitochondria quizlet?

In the inner membrane. ATP is made in it by ATP synthase. What is the Krebs cycle?

What occurs in a mitochondria?

​Mitochondria. Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Do all cells have mitochondria?

Where are mitochondria found? Mitochondria are found in all body cells, with the exception of a few. There are usually multiple mitochondria found in one cell, depending upon the function of that type of cell.

What cell process occurs in the mitochondria quizlet?

Aerobic cellular respiration

What type of cells have more mitochondria than others?

Some cells have more mitochondria than others. Muscle cells have many mitochondria, which allows them to respond quickly to the need for doing work. Mitochondria occupy 15 to 20 percent of mammalian liver cells according to Karp. Order and disorder in biological systems.

What type of cells would need to have the most mitochondria?

A. Your heart muscle cells – with about 5,000 mitochondria per cell. These cells need more energy, so they contain more mitochondria than any other organ in the body!

Which process take place in the inner membrane of mitochondria?

The inner mitochondrial membrane transduces energy through oxidative phosphorylation, the main process responsible for the production of energy in the form of ATP in eukaryotic cells (Saraste, 1999). The initial event of energy conservation is charge separation at the inner mitochondrial membrane.

What does the inner membrane of the mitochondria do?

The mitochondrial inner membrane is the site of the electron transport chain, an important step in aerobic respiration. Embedded in this bilayer are various proteins that serve to carry out the electron transport chain. The membrane has folds called christae that increase its surface area.

What does the inner membrane of the mitochondria contain?

The inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) contains phospholipids that are critical for the structure and integrity of the embedded respiratory chain proteins.

Where is the mitochondria located in a sperm cell?

The midpiece of the sperm is packed with mitochondria.

Does the mitochondria have a color?

light blue. Cells need to have a source of energy to power all of its processes. The mitochondria takes glucose from food and converts it into a form of cellular energy called A.T.P. Color the mitochondria orange.

How do you increase muscle mitochondria?

A new study found that exercise — and in particular high-intensity interval training in aerobic exercises such as biking and walking — caused cells to make more proteins for their energy-producing mitochondria and their protein-building ribosomes, effectively stopping aging at the cellular level.