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What happens when a cell is in G2?

G2 Phase. The G2 phase is the time during which a cell replicates its organelles in preparation for mitosis. Not only does the DNA need to be divided, but so do the organelles. G2 is the last chance for the cell to make more protein in preparation for division.

What happens in the cell during the G2 stage of interphase?

During the second gap phase, or G 2​start subscript, 2, end subscript phase, the cell grows more, makes proteins and organelles, and begins to reorganize its contents in preparation for mitosis. G 2​start subscript, 2, end subscript phase ends when mitosis begins.

What must a cell do first to divide successfully?

Answer Expert Verified The first thing a cell needs to do to divide successfully is to “B. increase its ratio of surface area to volume”. This allows the cell to reach a “breaking point” at which it can divide into two separate cells.

What does the S phase stand for?

Synthesis Phase

What is the S phase in interphase?

S Phase (Synthesis of DNA) Throughout interphase, nuclear DNA remains in a semi-condensed chromatin configuration. In the S phase, DNA replication results in the formation of identical pairs of DNA molecules, sister chromatids, that are firmly attached to the centromeric region.

What is made during S phase?

The S phase of a cell cycle occurs during interphase, before mitosis or meiosis, and is responsible for the synthesis or replication of DNA. In this way, the genetic material of a cell is doubled before it enters mitosis or meiosis, allowing there to be enough DNA to be split into daughter cells.

What is the importance of interphase?

Interphase is the phase of the cell cycle in which a typical cell spends most of its life. Interphase is the ‘daily living’ or metabolic phase of the cell, in which the cell obtains nutrients and metabolizes them, grows, replicates its DNA in preparation for mitosis, and conducts other “normal” cell functions.

What is the interphase period of a cell?

Interphase is the longest part of the cell cycle. This is when the cell grows and copies its DNA before moving into mitosis. During mitosis, chromosomes will align, separate, and move into new daughter cells. The prefix inter- means between, so interphase takes place between one mitotic (M) phase and the next.