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What are the 4 chemical families?

Families in the periodic table

  • The IA family is made up of the alkali metals. In reactions, these elements all tend to lose a single electron.
  • The IIA family is made up of the alkaline earth metals.
  • The VIIA family is made up of the halogens.
  • The VIIIA family is made up of the noble gases.

What are all of the chemical families?

5 Element Families

  • Alkali metals.
  • Alkaline earth metals.
  • Transition metals.
  • Halogens.
  • Noble gases.

How do you identify chemical families?

The vertical columns on the periodic table are called groups or families because of their similar chemical behavior. All the members of a family of elements have the same number of valence electrons and similar chemical properties. The horizontal rows on the periodic table are called periods.

What family is group1?

The alkali metal family is found on the periodic table in Group 1, which is on the far left side of the table. The metals in this group are lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium.

What is the name of the family in Group 17?

family names of the group of 17 elements:- Halogen, any of the six nonmetallic elements that constitute Group 17 (Group VIIa) of the periodic table. The halogen elements are fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), astatine (At), and tennessine (Ts).

Who put all the noble gas family elements together as a family?

Sir William Ramsay, (born Oct. 2, 1852, Glasgow, Scot. —died July 23, 1916, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, Eng.), British physical chemist who discovered four gases (neon, argon, krypton, xenon) and showed that they (with helium and radon) formed an entire family of new elements, the noble gases.

Is it safe to breathe noble gases?

Inhalation of gases is not recommended, but Noble gases are safer because they’re so inert – 1% of the air you breathe is Argon. The main safety concern is that they might displace Oxygen, and Argon and Xenon can dissolve in the blood to create a Laughing Gas-esque effect.

What happens if we breathe argon?

Inhalation: This gas is inert and is classified as a simple asphyxiant. Inhalation in excessive concentrations can result in dizziness, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness, and death. Death may result from errors in judgment, confusion, or loss of consciousness which prevent self-rescue.

What noble gas can kill you?

To humans, it can be considered a simple asphyxiant. This means that neon gas can remove oxygen from the air, especially in a closed area. And because of the lack of oxygen, this gas could cause a person to suffocate.

Is Xenon safe to breathe?

What are three major elements?

Three Elements

  • We all know oxygen, silicon, and aluminum are common elements in the Earth’s crust.
  • The combined occurrences for these three elements are very well known.
  • For all three together, we find the mineral kyanite.