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What are polymers made of quizlet?

What are polymers made of quizlet?

Polymers are made up of monomers which are parts of a molecule while polymers are large molecules that are formed by the bonding of monomers. a protein is a polymer made of monomers called amino acids.

What is a polymer quizlet?

Polymer. a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks linked by a dehydration reactions. monomer. small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers.

What are the properties of monomers?

Monomers are small molecules, mostly organic, that can join with other similar molecules to form very large molecules, or polymers. All monomers have the capacity to form chemical bonds to at least two other monomer molecules.

How do the chemical characteristics of carbon affect the structure of organic molecules?

how do the chemical characteristics of carbon affect the structure of organic molecules? carbon functional groups determine the polarity and types of reactions it will undergo. explain the structure of a fat molecule by stating its components and how they join together.

What are 3 characteristics of carbon that make it a unique element?

Carbon’s characteristics include its ability to bond with oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur. Carbon biochemical compounds are essential to all life on the planet.

Why is carbon a unique element?

Carbon atoms are unique because they can bond together to form very long, durable chains that can have branches or rings of various sizes and often contain thousands of carbon atoms.

Is carbon a unique element?

Carbon plays a unique role among the chemical elements. Due to its four valence electrons, carbon is the smallest element that is able to make covalent bonds to four different atoms in its neutral form.

Why is carbon the backbone of life?

Life is based on carbon; organic chemistry studies compounds in which carbon is a central element. The properties of carbon make it the backbone of the organic molecules which form living matter. Carbon is a such a versatile element because it can form four covalent bonds.

Why is carbon the best element?

Carbon has four empty spaces in its outer shell, enabling it to bond to four other atoms. (It can also bond stably to fewer atoms by forming double and triple bonds.) In other words, carbon has options. Carbon’s incredible ability to bond with many other elements is a major reason that it is crucial to almost all life.

Is carbon bad to your health?

Chronic inhalation exposure to carbon black may result in temporary or permanent damage to lungs and heart. Pneumoconiosis has been found in workers engaged in the production of carbon black. Skin conditions such as inflammation of the hair follicles, and oral mucosal lesions have also been reported from skin exposure.

Why is carbon so important for life?

Carbon is the basic building block of life . This is the reason carbon dating is effective, all living organisms contain carbon. Also, carbon is so important to life because virtually all molecules in the body contain carbon. For this reason it can form long chain molecules, each with different properties.

Do we need carbon to live?

The Earth has a finite amount of carbon. Living things are made up of carbon (often they are described as being carbon-based) and need carbon to survive. Carbon is also found in non-living things such as rocks, animal shells, the atmosphere and oceans. Carbon dioxide is an important gas in our atmosphere.

How is carbon useful to humans?

It turns into what we call fossil fuels: oil, coal, and natural gas. This is the stuff we now use to energize our world. We burn these carbon-rich materials in cars, trucks, planes, trains, power plants, heaters, speed boats, barbecues, and many other things that require energy.

What are 3 common uses for carbon?

Uses of Carbon Carbon (in the form of coal, which is mainly carbon) is used as a fuel. Graphite is used for pencil tips, high temperature crucibles, dry cells, electrodes and as a lubricant. Diamonds are used in jewelry and – because they are so hard – in industry for cutting, drilling, grinding, and polishing.

Where is carbon found in the body?

Carbon is not found in the pure form in the body, but rather in compounds inside the body. It makes up thousands of molecules in virtually every cell. Carbon is the basic building block required to form proteins, carbohydrates and fats, and it plays a crucial role in regulating the physiology of the body.

Where is carbon stored in the human body?

In the lung, CO2 is stored mainly in the form of gas (in the functional residual capacity) but some is stored as bicarbonate in lung tissue (5 1, 91, 177).

Which does not produce carbon dioxide?

Photosynthesis. Cellular Respiration. Burning fossil fuels.

Where is most CO2 stored in the body?

lung

Where is oxygen stored in our bodies?

Myoglobin (Mb) is found exclusively in muscle tissue, where it acts as an oxygen storage site and also facilitates the transport of oxygen through muscle.

What substances do we breathe out?

When we take a breath, we pull air into our lungs that contains mostly nitrogen and oxygen. When we exhale, we breathe out mostly carbon dioxide.

How much oxygen does a human need per hour?

Their oxygen requirement could be 60 litres per minute or 3,600 litres per hour. In some cases, doctors say, the oxygen requirement need can go up to 86,000 litres per day per patient.

Does the human body store oxygen?

As for the dry mass, oxygen is also 11.3% of fat, 22.7% of protein and 41.4% of calcium hydroxyapatite….

Form of storage O2 stores on room air (ml) O2 stores after 100% FiO2 preoxygenation
As gas in the lungs (FRC) 270 1825
Bound to haemoglobin 820 910
Bound to myoglobin 200 200
Dissolved in tissue fluids 45 50

Can you breathe talking?

Breathing. For talking to occur, air must move past the larynx or voice box in the throat. For respiration to occur, air must move to and from the alveoli deep in the lungs. You may have noticed that people who are short of breath can only speak in short sentences, one or two words at a time.

Do platelets carry oxygen?

The blood cells are red cells, white cells, and platelets. Red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of the body. White blood cells help fight infection. Platelets are tiny cells that have a big job in stopping bleeding.

Which gas is removed from the body through the lungs?

Once in the lungs, oxygen is moved into the bloodstream and carried through your body. At each cell in your body, oxygen is exchanged for a waste gas called carbon dioxide. Your bloodstream then carries this waste gas back to the lungs where it is removed from the bloodstream and then exhaled.

How do you improve gas exchange in the lungs?

Improvements in gas exchange occur via several mechanisms: alterations in the distribution of alveolar ventilation, redistribution of blood flow, improved matching of local ventilation and perfusion, and reduction in regions of low ventilation/perfusion ratios.

What are the symptoms of lung infection?

If you have a lung infection, here are the most common symptoms to expect:

  1. Cough that produces thick mucus. Coughing helps to rid your body of the mucus produced from inflammation of the airways and lungs.
  2. Stabbing chest pains.
  3. Fever.
  4. Body aches.
  5. Runny nose.
  6. Shortness of breath.
  7. Fatigue.
  8. Wheezing.

How is carbon dioxide removed from the lungs?

Ventilator, a breathing machine that blows air into your lungs. It also carries carbon dioxide out of your lungs. Other breathing treatments, such as noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), which uses mild air pressure to keep your airways open while you sleep.