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How does chloroplast structure help its function?

How does chloroplast structure help its function?

The structure of the chloroplast is adapted to the function it performs: Thylakoids – flattened discs have a small internal volume to maximise hydrogen gradient upon proton accumulation. Photosystems – pigments organised into photosystems in thylakoid membrane to maximise light absorption.

How does the chloroplast help the cell make materials?

In plants and algae, which developed much later, photosynthesis occurs in a specialized intracellular organelle—the chloroplast. Chloroplasts perform photosynthesis during the daylight hours. The immediate products of photosynthesis, NADPH and ATP, are used by the photosynthetic cells to produce many organic molecules.

Which cells are chloroplasts found in?

Chloroplasts are present in the cells of all green tissues of plants and algae. Chloroplasts are also found in photosynthetic tissues that do not appear green, such as the brown blades of giant kelp or the red leaves of certain plants.

What do mesophyll cells do?

Mesophyll cells are found in the plant’s leaves. These large spaces allow these layers to help carbon dioxide move around the leaf. The spongy mesophyll also allows the plant to bend and move in the wind, which itself helps move gases around the leaf’s cells.

What do u mean by Mesophyll?

: the parenchyma between the epidermal layers of a foliage leaf.

What is the meaning of epidermis?

Epidermis: The upper or outer layer of the two main layers of cells that make up the skin. The epidermis is mostly made up of flat, scale-like cells called squamous cells. These cells produce melanin, which gives the skin its color.

What organ of a plant is made mostly of mesophyll tissue?

structure in plant leaves (veins) are embedded in the mesophyll, the tissue that includes all of the cells between the upper and lower epidermis. The cells of the mesophyll contain the photosynthetic pigments.